Packaging of the hottest decoction pieces and fact

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Packaging of decoction pieces and factors affecting the quality of decoction pieces

packaging of decoction pieces

packaging of decoction pieces refers to the process of storing, wrapping and explaining the decoction pieces. Due to the complex origin of traditional Chinese medicine in China, the packaging of traditional Chinese medicine is also different in each production area. At present, there is no unified packaging standard for decoction pieces produced by most decoction pieces factories. The packaging materials are all gunny bags, chemical fiber bags, cattail bags, bamboo baskets, wooden boxes, etc., which are chaotic, resulting in serious pollution of decoction pieces, easy to be stained with gunny fiber and dust, and medicinal materials containing sugar and starch are easy to be eaten and moulded. Due to the wide variety of herbal pieces and poor packaging, the phenomenon of confusion of herbal pieces and wrong drugs also occur from time to time, and the consequences are unimaginable. Thirdly, the improper packaging of decoction pieces seriously affects the storage, storage, transportation and sales of decoction pieces

functions of decoction pieces packaging: ① convenient storage, transportation and sales of decoction pieces; ② It is conducive to the management of decoction pieces and the prevention of re pollution; ③ It is conducive to the beauty, cleanliness, hygiene and regular supervision and inspection of the decoction pieces; ④ It is conducive to promoting the modernization and standardization of the production of decoction pieces

the specific methods for the packaging of decoction pieces are as follows:

(1) for the decoction pieces of roots, rhizomes, seeds, fruits, flowers and animal medicinal materials, all use small packages to increase the packaging. Non toxic polyethylene plastic transparent bags are used for small packages, and the fixed loading capacity is generally 0.5kg, 1.5kg, 2kg, etc. according to the texture of the decoction pieces. Put it into the inspection certificate of decoction pieces, seal it, and put it into large packaging (large iron box or cardboard box can be used). Inside the small package and outside the large package, the name, specification, quantity, production batch number and factory name of the prepared slices shall be indicated. It must be noted that the water-based, fire-based and water-based decoction pieces must be cooled thoroughly before packaging, otherwise there will be condensation and mildew

(2) for herbal pieces of whole herbs and leaves, they can be packed in non-toxic polypropylene plastic woven bags with a fixed loading capacity of 10~15kg. When sealing, the inspection certificate should also be placed, and the name, quantity, specification, production batch number and factory name of the pieces should be printed on the outside

(3) for mineral and shape medicinal herbs with barbs, it is advisable to use double-layer or multi-layer non-toxic polypropylene plastic woven bags to prevent leakage

(4) for the decoction pieces of valuable and toxic medicinal materials, it is advisable to use small glass bottles and small cartons to pack them into the minimum package of one-day or one-time quantity, and attach complete instructions labels

reasonable packaging can ensure the quality of decoction pieces, make them achieve the expected clinical effect and give full play to their social benefits. As a special commodity, the packaging and decoration design of traditional Chinese medicine is also very important. A good decoration should not only reflect the value of the product and the beauty of the product shape, but also be economical, practical and convenient, reflecting the particularity of traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces, and create good economic benefits while giving full play to social benefits

Section V factors affecting the quality of decoction pieces

in the production of decoction pieces, only by carefully following the processing process can the quality of decoction pieces be guaranteed. If the drug is not handled properly, Greg Lemond, CEO and founder of Raymond composites, said, "Raymond composites provides such materials to the society by using low-cost carbon fiber and its high production capacity. Poor tools and operation technology, or late drying after cutting, or improper storage, can affect the quality of decoction pieces. Generally, the following phenomena are prone to occur.

1. Knife (beard dragging) It is a phenomenon that the decoction pieces are involved and not completely cut off. It is caused by excessive external water content when the drug is softened, or the knife is not sharp, such as cortex mori, Radix Astragali, Magnolia officinalis, ephedra, etc. according to the new national standard inspection content and project requirements provided by the national fire prevention building materials quality supervision and inspection center

2. Edge shedding (peeling) and deep fried heart. After the former is cut off, the outer layer of the decoction piece is separated from the inner layer, forming two parts: a circle and a round core; When the latter is cut, its pith core is broken with the downward force of the knife. It is caused by improper soaking or moistening when the medicinal materials are softened, and the internal and external softness are different. Such as turmeric, cinnamon twigs, white peony, Alisma orientalis, etc

3. The specification and type of the decoction pieces of the same kind of medicinal materials are inconsistent, broken and other decoction pieces that do not meet the cutting requirements. It is mainly caused by poor operation technology

4. The edges of warped pieces are curly and uneven, which is caused by too much water inside when the medicinal materials are softened, also known as "water injury". Such as betel nut, white peony, Mutong, etc

5. Wrinkled slices (fish scale slices) are crude cut slices with fish scale like stains. It is caused by the fact that the medicinal materials are not completely softened, and the "water property" is not as good as that of the knife, or the knife is not sharp, or the knife does not coincide with the knife bed. Such as Sparganium, zedoary turmeric, etc

6. discoloration and stale discoloration refers to the loss of the color of the original medicinal materials after drying; Stale means that the dried pieces lose the original smell of the medicinal materials. It is caused by too long soaking time when the medicinal materials are softened, or the cut pieces are not dried in time, or the drying method is improperly selected. Such as areca, white peony, rhubarb, mint, Schizonepeta, agastache, Elsholtzia, Coptis, etc

7. Sliced oil (oily) is the phenomenon of oil or mucus exudation on the surface of medicinal materials or decoction pieces that are committed to the research and production of this technology. It is caused by "too much water absorption" or too high ambient temperature when the medicinal materials are softened. Such as Atractylodes macrocephala, Atractylodes macrocephala, Angelica sinensis, etc

8. Mildew is the growth of mycelium on the surface of medicinal materials or decoction pieces. It is caused by impervious drying, storage without cooling after drying, or humidity in the storage place. Such as Fructus aurantii Immaturus, Fructus aurantii Immaturus, Atractylodes Macrocephalae, yam, white peony, Angelica sinensis, Polygala tenuifolia, ephedra, Scutellaria baicalensis, Alisma orientalis, peony, etc

source: I love traditional Chinese medicine

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